City of Nizams

Vacations again! And we were eager to go to a new place.  Dalai Lama once said,”Once a year, go some place where you’ve never been before”. It’s my favourite quote. I do believe there is nothing more interesting and exciting than visiting a new place . Our destination this time was the city of Nizams. It may not be a great idea for many to spend  holidays in a highly populated city  the fourth most populous city of India) but the historical charm – (the stories of Nizams, the acoustic wonders of Golconda, the legendary Hyderabadi Biryani tales and the Salar Jung Museum pulled us to Hyderabad.  From Pune,  the Shatabdi Express took only eight hours to reach Secunderabad station. When Pune was shivering in cold for the last one month, we landed in a somewhat warmer city in the end of  December.

In the last two years, we have visited two famous forts, the Daulatabad Fort  in Aurangabad, Maharashtra and the Kangra Fort in Himachal Pradesh. Exploring forts though is a bit tiring, but still, the feel you get in the surroundings, in the ruins, in the dark passages, staircases or  in front of a majestic architecture  and listening  to the unbelievable stories of the kings and emperors who once ruled from these bastions, are matchless.

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Golconda fort too has its own grandeur.  Remarkable use of acoustics in the fort to communicate messages is the major attraction. If you clap in the portico (a spot just under the dome)  of the main entrance of  Bala Hissar, it can be heard clearly in the Bala Hissar pavilion on the top of the hill. Also, the exceptional engineering skill  in lifting water by Persian wheels to the top of the hill through intricate pipelines and storage in overhead tanks  is worth mentioning.

Qutub Shahi dynasty were Persians by descent and because of which a strong Persian influence is seen throughout the fort. Large fountains, luxury baths are evidences of the luxurious lifestyle.  Hard to believe, but separate outlets for hot and cold water were used  in  the bath tubs!  A network of earthen pipes were used to supply water to the residents of the fort in different Mahals, gardens, fountains  etc and even  to the mortuary baths where the royals were given their last bath. This water was drawn from Durgam Cheruvu Lake, which was 5 km away from the fort. I wondered  how the Royals planned such  an efficient water supply system in an area of water scarcity! The water was used not only for daily work or agriculture but also to carry out the overall luxurious lifestyle, maintaining the  gardens, operating fountains, baths  etc. Qutub Shah rulers like many other benevolent kings, constructed many water tanks  and lakes in Hyderabad, to name a few  – the Satham Cheruvu, Ibrahipatnam Cheruvu, Nampally tank, Ma Saheba Tank, Hussain Sagar etc.

The Fort is 400 ft high, has eight entrances and surrounded by 10 km long wall. We entered through the Fateh Darwaza. We got a guide book with a rough sketch map of the fort and some details. My teenage daughter, the most enthusiastic of us, took hold of the guide book and literally guided us through the fort.It’s her interest in historical places that brought us to Hyderabad ,I must say.

The  fort  once built by Kakatiyas of Warangal, finally went in to the hands of Qutub Shahi dynasty. In between the Bahmani rulers were in  power. The Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb later annexed it to his empire from the Qutub Shahi Dynasty. With the fall of the Mughal Empire, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah became an independent ruler in 1724 and hence forth  the Nizams ruled over Hyderabad until AD 1948. In short, this  is the history of Golconda fort. Nevertheless, Golconda was a great commercial centre for diamond trading and other precious stones. Traders from different countries came for trading in Golconda. The Golconda rulers developed it as a city with all the amenities, luxuries, spent money in constructing palaces and other monuments , as well as strengthening the fort with magnificent walls. The fort has three granite  stone  walls  and the outer most wall is 17-34 feet wide and with a height of 60 feet!

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Steps of Bala Hissar

We started exploring the fort from the right side of the entrance and crossed the barracks of the body guards, Nagina garden, Badi Baoli or the big well, the canal under the steps and finally took a big breath to climb the 360 steps of  the steps of Bala Hissar!

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Finally, we reached the top! The Baradari or the Darbar Hall  (General assembly). It is a two storey structure with open terraces and audience halls for the Royals and  the common man. You can get a full view of the city from the portico. No doubt this served as a spot to keep surveillance on the whole territory. Presently what we could see was the massive growth of concrete jungle which clearly defined the boundaries between the old and  the new world.

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After Baradari, we entered the Kilwat and Ranimahal complex. Beautiful and intricate arches adorned the walls of the Ranimahal. Now a days,  a spectacular  light and sound show illuminates the Mahal  at  night, but somehow we couldn’t manage our time for the show.

The ruins of Rani Mahal, the fountains, the decorative walls of the mahal, the baths, everything reveal the grandeur, style and elegance of Turkish splendour

Coming out, we stopped by the Dad Mahal or the hall where the common man came with  their grievances to put before the Royals. Cleverly designed arches concealed the sight of the Royals from the commoners. A  specific spot was assigned for the commoner to stand and speak out their grievances  in the hall which can be heard clearly by the King or Queen seated far off.  It’s really amazing to experience such acoustics.

After a long walk of two hours, we almost completed the Fort tour. The Taramati mosque was in front of us. I am not sure whether it is actually the Bhagmati mosque or Taramati Mosque but  Sultan Muhhamad Quli built it for his beloved to offer Namaz, despite strong opposition . She was believed to be his inspiration. Truly, it’s the tales of these  legendary romances that  make the history more interesting! Hoping to explore the city of Nizams in  a more tangible way, our next destination was none other than an authentic chicken Biriyani expedition!

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9 Comments Add yours

  1. After a long time, I read a such a well narrated travel tale. The picturesque journey through the history was so vivid that I almost went back to that time.
    Keep it up and take us along as you travel places.

    Like

  2. jayatisblog says:

    Thank you very much Suman for such encouraging words. 🙂 .

    Like

  3. Sreyai Dattachaudhuri says:

    A fantastic travelogue l must say. l myself visited the place in 2015 winter but today saw it in detail again through your eyes. You missed the light and sound show which is quite interesting also. Please write about the salar jung museum as well.

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  4. jayatisblog says:

    Thank you Sreyashi 🙂 Yes, I hope to write about Salar Jung Museum soon.

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  5. Anonymous says:

    Thank you Jayati for narrating the whole journey in such a wonderful way – waiting for your little guide to come up with her description !!

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  6. jayatisblog says:

    Thank you ! My little guide has a long way to go both in terms of travel and writing. Nevertheless, hope she pursues it. 🙂

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  7. Achin roy says:

    I must appreciate this Wonderful description of the travel story. I know my friend is a brilliant personality who can cherish me by narrating the entire journey so beautifully that I wish to be there soon to please my eyes n mind.
    Thank you Jayati .

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  8. jayatisblog says:

    Thanks for reading the blog Achin . I am glad that you liked it. Keep visiting 🙂

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  9. Anonymous says:

    So well written and interesting narration. Feeling like travelling the city right away.

    Like

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